Theatre of the late nineteenth century featured Realism and Naturalism; styles of theatre that were based on natural, rational
explanation as evidenced through the five senses. The realists observed man and his environment and set about to abandon antiquated
techniques such as formula plays, surface characterisation, romantic subject matter and scenic splendour in favour of duplication
of contemporary life.
By 1900, the Realism and Naturalism phase had peaked and people started gravitating towards the 'Anti-realism' movement that
featured more avante-garde styles of theatre.